Dec 1860 - Succession from the Union
Mar-Apr 1861 - Lincoln inaugurated and Confederates Attack Fort Sumter (SC)
July 1861 - First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
Aug 1862 - Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
Sept 1862 - Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg)
Dec 1862 - Battle of Fredericksburg
Jan 1863 - Emancipation Proclamation
May 1863 - Battle of Chancellorsville
July 1863 - Battle of Gettysburg
May 1864 - Battles of Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House
June 1864 - Siege of Petersburg
Apr 1865 - Lee surrenders; Lincoln assassinated
Antietam is known as the bloodiest one-day battle of the entire Civil War wherein 23,000 men died (including 6 generals), were wounded or lost and by the what I saw, I can see why. As Robert E. Lee decided to advance into the quiet countryside of Maryland and leave war-torn Virginia, a Union soldier found a copy of Lee's Special Order 191, which was the plan of operations. This "Lost Order" was taken to McClellan who realized there was time to strike Lee's divided forces. Two days later, Union forces forced Lee's army back from South Mountain and Lee was ready to leave until he learned that Harpers Ferry had fallen so he decided to reevaluate his plans and make a stand at Sharpsburg, a quiet 100 year old farming community with 1,200 residents.
|This is my favorite photo of Antietam. It is of Union soldier standing watch|
over the body of a fallen comrade - the oldest man of their unit and the battle
who lost his life. These men stood guard over him until his body was ready for burial.
|Lincoln and his Generals|
|Lincoln meeting with McClellan.|
After this, I went on the auto-tour with the truck all around the park. This are the highlights:
Stop 1 - Dunker Church. Built in 1852, this church was the place where pacifist German Baptists worshiped, yet it became the location of the deaths of many men during the morning of the battle.
|Dunker Church Today|
|Dunker Church Then|
Stop 6 - Mumma Farm and Cemetery. This was the only farmhouse deliberately burned during the skirmish. Confederates burn this home so there could be no Union sharpshooters here. Samuel Mumma took his family and fled and when they returned rebuilt the home in 1863.
|The tree to the left of the bridge was witness of the carnage.|
Stop 11 - Antietam National Cemetery. From here I went back through town and drove to the cemetery...look at the size of the burial sheets here! So man lost lives.